Case Number 07394

CROSSFIRE

Warner Bros. // 1947 // 86 Minutes // Not Rated
Reviewed by Judge Steve Evans (Retired) // August 16th, 2005

The Charge

Hate is like a loaded gun!

Opening Statement

RKO Pictures became the first studio to deliver a dramatic condemnation of racism in America with this taut film noir attacking anti-Semitism. A fine cast of tough, cynical actors and an insolent femme fatale breathe life into the tawdry material. Warner Brothers delivers a nice package in this lesser-known noir.

Facts of the Case

Investigating the murder of a Jewish man, police investigators and an Army sergeant at the nearby military base come to suspect enlisted men.

Homicide Capt. Finlay (Robert Young, Father Knows Best) narrows his inquiries to three soldiers, including the brooding Montgomery (Robert Ryan, The Wild Bunch), who was in the victim's room the night he was beaten to death. The detective is, by turns, aided and impeded in his investigation by Sgt. Keely (Robert Mitchum, Night of the Hunter), who wants to protect his soldiers when it becomes apparent that circumstantial evidence could send one of the men to the electric chair.

But soon Finlay and Keely realize they are investigating a hate crime. They join forces to capture a murderous bigot on the Army base.

Trashy barfly Ginny Tremaine (Gloria Grahame, It's a Wonderful Life) plays a pivotal role in the climax, providing an alibi for an innocent man. Because he is married and dallying with this woman, the soldier initially refuses to talk. The resulting complications threaten to derail the investigation and let a killer go free.

The Evidence

Oscar nominated for Best Picture in 1947, Crossfire is based loosely on the novel The Brick Foxhole by Richard Brooks, a prolific writer whose wildly divergent screenwriting credits include Key Largo, The Last Time I Saw Paris, and The Blackboard Jungle, which he also directed. Decades later, he would write and direct Looking for Mr. Goodbar, starring Diane Keaton the same year she made Annie Hall.

The Brick Foxhole, Brooks' first novel, was actually about the pick-up and murder of a gay man by a group of drunken GIs. RKO Pictures wouldn't touch that theme in the 1940s, which is explicitly stated in a studio memo reprinted on the special features section of this disc. Instead, the script was written as a screed against racism, specifically anti-Semitism, with a noir overlay to give the story added bite. In an old video interview included on the disc, director Edward Dmytryk (Murder, My Sweet) says he opted for a noir lighting style because of its inexpensive simplicity. Quick lighting setups allowed Dmytryk and his crew to complete principal photography in a mere 20 days, the director says, which enabled RKO to beat other studios to the market with the first major Hollywood production dealing with racism.

The film features an interesting narrative structure, with Act One unfolding mostly in flashback, Act Two cross-cutting between the killer's plans to cover his tracks and flashbacks from his perspective, and concluding with a game of cat-and-mouse leading to the final confrontation and chase.

The Rebuttal Witnesses

There's no whodunit aspect to the film, as most viewers will correctly guess the killer well before Act Two (indeed, he is all but identified on the back cover of the DVD keepcase). On the upside, the detectives devise an elaborate trap to catch their suspect. One of the film's great pleasures is watching this clever scheme unfold -- to a rather perfunctory ending.

Closing Statement

A tense noir, Crossfire throbs with tough, baleful characters spitting vicious invective. Fine acting all around, especially from the sensuous enigmatic Grahame and sleepy-eyed Mitchum.

The Verdict

Warner Bros. is free to go back to the vaults, where this court hopes many more fascinating films noir will be retrieved, restored, and released on DVD.

Review content copyright © 2005 Steve Evans; Site layout and review format copyright © 1998 - 2014 HipClick Designs LLC

Scales of Justice
Video: 95
Audio: 90
Extras: 85
Acting: 90
Story: 90
Judgment: 92

Perp Profile
Studio: Warner Bros.
Video Formats:
* Full Frame

Audio Formats:
* Dolby Digital 1.0 Mono (English)

Subtitles:
* English
* French
* Spanish

Running Time: 86 Minutes
Release Year: 1947
MPAA Rating: Not Rated

Distinguishing Marks
* Film Historians' Commentary
* Interview with Director Edward Dmytryk
* Featurette, Crossfire: Hate is Like a Gun

Accomplices
* IMDb
http://us.imdb.com/title/tt0039286/combined