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Case Number 04326

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Barbarians

History Channel // 2004 // 200 Minutes // Not Rated
Reviewed by Appellate Judge Erick Harper (Retired) // April 30th, 2004

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All Rise...

The lamentations of many women were heard during the writing of Judge Erick Harper's review of this smashing documentary.

The Charge

Four barbarian tribes. A millennium of terror.

Opening Statement

The Vikings. The Goths. The Mongols. The Huns. Each of these four peoples struck fear into the hearts of peoples all over Eurasia, slaying, pillaging, ransacking, and destroying to their hearts' content. In their own way, each also contributed to the development of world cultures in ways that still affect us today. Barbarians, a recent History Channel miniseries, takes us into the worlds of these feared warriors to examine their backgrounds, societies, accomplishments, and histories. Prepare to enter the domain of the Barbarians.

Facts of the Case

The Barbarians miniseries consists of four episodes, each showcasing a different barbarian culture.

The Vikings
The Vikings originated as a relatively peaceful people, eking out a living on the less-than-ideal farmland of Scandinavia. As their population grew, competition over scarce resources led to fighting amongst the various Viking families. It was their great invention, the lightning-fast longship that gave them the chance to broaden their horizons and project their terror, destruction, and plundering across the entire civilized world. Every ocean and river was a highway for the Vikings to further exploration and opportunities for mayhem; at their height they projected their unique brand of sea power from Northern Europe, through the Mediterranean and North Africa, to such far-flung places as Kiev and Baghdad. They even became the first Europeans to reach North America, beating Columbus by nearly 500 years.

The Goths
They had little to do with excessive eyeliner or fringe heavy metal music. Instead, this originally peaceful people fled oppression by the Huns and sought refuge in the friendly arms of the Roman Empire. The Romans, not sure what to do with this massive influx of refugees, herded them into concentration camps. The Goths, starving by this time, were so desperate they were willing to sell themselves and their children into slavery for one meal of dog meat. Over time, many Goths found employment in the Roman legions, where they often served as cannon fodder (or whatever the appropriate pre-firearm term would be), in the process becoming battle-hardened, well-trained troops with the best that Roman strategy and equipment had to offer. Having that many desperately hungry Goths with military experience around turned out to be an explosive combination; under their leader Aleric, the Goths in 410 AD became the first foreign power to sack Rome since before the time of Julius Caesar. They went on to form their own empire, the Visigoth Empire, in Spain and Southern France, which lasted until 711 AD.

The Huns
Hot on the heels of the Goths, the Huns emerged to vex the fraying remains of the Roman Empire in the fifth century AD. The origins of the Huns are a bit mysterious, but it seems that they originated in Asia and were driven out by the Chinese and the Mongols, eventually coming to live on land they won from the Romans, known as Hungary. Under the leadership of the legendary ruler Attila they were transformed from nomadic refugees into an empire that would rival their Roman neighbors to the south. They came within in an inch of conquering the Eternal City, but never quite made it there. After the death of Attila, their empire disintegrated into a number of factions headed by various and sundry heirs. Still, their impact on European civilization is unquestionable; they eroded the power of the Roman Empire and then disintegrated, leaving a void into which the Catholic Church stepped for about 800 years.

The Mongols
Sure, we've all heard of Genghis Khan, the fearsome and ruthless Mongol ruler who swept off the steppes of Asia to conquer, plunder, and pillage. What you may not know is that they carved out for themselves the greatest empire the world has ever seen, stretching from the Yellow Sea to the River Danube at its peak. Perhaps even greater than Genghis Kahn was Timur the Lame (or Tamerlane), who fought the Ottoman Turks and sacked Ankara. Timur's reach is said to extend beyond the grave. When he died in 1405, his final words were a warning: "Do not disturb my grave or a fate worse than me will fall upon you." His splendid tomb in Samarkand stood undisturbed until June 22, 1941, when Soviet archeologists opened it to find the skeleton of a tall man with a damaged hip. Also on June 22, 1941, Hitler launched his assault on Russia, which eventually claimed the lives of twenty million people.

The Evidence

With the proliferation of educational cable channels, documentarians have more outlets for their work than ever before. However, there is also increased pressure to create documentaries that are not just informative but entertaining. The trouble is the filmmakers need to compete with the excitement offered everywhere else on the dial. Even the best History Channel docs have to make do with budgets that wouldn't buy the hairspray for a feature production, and even the best tend to look a little shoddy when compared to the spectacle offered by Hollywood.

Barbarians represents The History Channel at the top of its game, but also highlights the problems inherent in making history that people will actually stick around to watch. Each episode is fast-paced and entertaining, with some of the best historical reenactment footage I've seen in a while. Director Robert Gardner shot on various locations in Lithuania with a limited number of extras, using some impressive directorial tricks to make the battle scenes seem fully populated and realistic. There is an amusing lack of any real gore, but this is basic cable, after all. Barbarians also manages to spend some time away from the battle scenes, showing what life was like in a Viking village or a settlement under attack by the Huns. Each episode is a compromise between education and entertainment, but they seem for the most part to be happy, successful compromises.

In addition to the reenactment footage, there is the usual collection of talking eggheads who give their learned insights into the various barbarian cultures. These academics are passionate about their barbarians as only historians can be. Their enthusiasm is contagious, and the interview segments work as well with the rest of the material as any I have seen.

Another technique that is gaining popularity as a standard History Channel tool is the use of computer-generated 3-D animated maps. These work very well for Barbarians; my only real complaint is that there should have been more of them.

Barbarians is a History Channel/A&E release, presented in anamorphic 1.78:1 widescreen. The picture quality looks excellent at first glance, with crisp, lifelike colors and a sense of overall image sharpness and clarity. That's the first glance, anyway. Looking closer, we find that the picture is not so sharp and clear as we thought. Almost every frame is plagued with massive edge enhancement and mosquito noise artifacts that swarm around any sort of hard edges or fine details. Leaves in a forest, rocks on a seashore, or chain mail on the back of a Viking all sparkle like the spring collection from Cartier. The few times these problems don't crop up, it appears to be because of image softness and blurring.

Audio, on the other hand, is a very nice Dolby Digital 2.0 Stereo mix that does a surprisingly good job of creating an immersive experience. Our faithful narrator's voice comes through resonant and lifelike, and accompanying musical scoring or sound effects are satisfactorily rendered.

The two special features tie in nicely with the miniseries. On Disc One we find Behind the Shield, a behind-the-scenes featurette that does double duty as a promo piece. As is usually the case with History Channel featurettes of this nature, there is a good dose of information culled from the miniseries, just enough to whet the audience's appetite for the whole thing. There is a lot of time spent on the set with Gardner, who actually takes the time to give substantive insights into how he made the documentaries. Not everything is wonderful, however. There is a painfully stupid bit featuring "Thor" and "Munnin," a pair of barbarian reenactors/entertainers and their trip to the John Robert Powers school of modeling to try to learn how to behave like civilized people. Thankfully, it doesn't last very long.

The other special feature is an episode of Biography. After all, what would an A&E box set be without at least one Biography? This one is entitled "Genghis Khan: Terror and Conquest," and complements the Mongol chapter of the miniseries quite nicely. Picture and sound quality are surprisingly good for an episode that originally aired in 1995. Most important, we learn that young Temujin (the great Khan's given name) grew up hating dogs; I like this guy better and better all the time.

The Rebuttal Witnesses

No matter how good the director, there are some elements of any documentary that are just bound to ring a little false due to lack of budget. One of the criticisms that has been leveled at Barbarians is directed specifically at the Mongol chapter. It appears that Gardner had to work with what he had available for actors, and as a result Genghis Khan and his henchmen look awfully European. Heck, John Wayne had a better makeup job for The Conqueror. Throughout the series there are certainly a number of beards that are obviously fake, and some of the battle reenactments are a little too obviously choreographed and performed a bit too slowly.

The biggest problem with Barbarian is the running time. There is simply no way to pack an in-depth look at each of these cultures into an hour-long (approximately 45 minutes without commercials) episode. At times the series probably skews too far in favor of entertainment over information. All things considered, however, this is an ambitious project that turned out pretty well, considering the resource limitations of filming for The History Channel instead of a major Hollywood studio.

Closing Statement

If I had to pick a favorite chapter, I would have to go with the Vikings—they are my people, after all. Their episode also happens to be the one where the filmmakers did the best job of balancing a people's peaceful and cultural innovations with the stories of their conquests and terror.

The Verdict

Not guilty! The History Channel and director Robert Gardner have done a nice job with Barbarians, creating a convincing look into the past and striking an acceptable balance between entertainment and education.

We stand adjourned.

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Scales of Justice

Video: 81
Audio: 85
Extras: 83
Story: 84
Judgment: 84

Perp Profile

Studio: History Channel
Video Formats:
• 1.78:1 Anamorphic
Audio Formats:
• Dolby Digital 2.0 Stereo (English)
Subtitles:
• None
Running Time: 200 Minutes
Release Year: 2004
MPAA Rating: Not Rated
Genres:
• Documentary
• War

Distinguishing Marks

• Behind the Scenes Featurette
• Genghis Khan Episode of "Biography"

Accomplices

• The History Channel








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